When it comes to our hair and what looks and feels best to us, there’s rarely one fit-for-all, especially when you’re experiencing hair loss. Finding a hairstyle you feel confident in can be a trying experience. Where and how much your hair may be thinning can also be a touchy subject to bring up with your hair stylist. Obstacles like these can make it hard for you to determine what hairstyles might work best for you. So, here are a few tips about different hairstyles for thinning hair to help you avoid an uncomfortable conversation next time you’re at the hair salon.

There are lots of reasons people may experience hair loss. But some types- and their location, are very predictable. Female pattern baldness, for example, tends to start at the crown and spread along the hairline, while Alopecia Areata can occur in patches or areas where hair loss may or may not regrow overtime. Luckily, there are just as many solutions for managing thinning hair as there are reasons and degrees of hair thinning! Determining the cause of hair loss ahead of time, however, can help guide the decisions you make going forward. 

Making the Cut

 If you’re just beginning to see signs of thinning, there are a few simple ways you can make your hairstyle work for you. A shorter haircut can add more volume and fullness, for example, while bangs can sometimes draw attention to thinning at the crown. Understanding how to enhance your look and downplay troubled spots is half the battle. So, here are some basic cuts and styling techniques that can make all the difference. 

Short Cuts & Texturing

An A-Line bob, or blunt cut that frames the face can hide signs of a receding hairline. But, for a softer look that still adds body, try texturing rather than layering. 

Straight hair that’s all one length can pull and weigh down your hair, making it appear even thinner and limper than before. However, too many layers can also take away needed volume when you’re trying to maximize the fullness of your look. Texturing adds interest and bounce at the ends of your cut while keeping the fuller appearance when going for a shorter hairstyle. This also holds true for wavy or curly hair that’s thinning at the crown. 

Another trick to de-emphasizing thinning on top is to change your part. Switch to a side part, or move one to the opposite side, and keep the strands longer where it flips. 

Tips to Give Thinning Hair a Boost

Color & Styling

To create the look of more volume with your hair, try adding a slightly darker color at the roots. This is an easy way to mask thinning at the scalp and create a more even, fuller look all around. Stick with natural hair dyes that wash out when shampooing. This will help to avoid damage from toxic chemicals that can also cause more thinning.  

Volumizing Conditioner 

Steer clear of over-moisturizing conditioners that can weigh your hair down, clog follicles, and lead to more hair loss. Try a lighter, all-natural conditioning spray to use instead. These can be applied after shampooing to detangle and moisturize your hair away from the roots, where it’s needed the most. A gluten and sulfate-free moisturizing mist conditioner works best for all types of thinning hair. 

No Heat Blow-Drying

If you blow dry your hair, try using a no heat setting. Blow dry hair from the back forward, and from each side starting at the base of your hairline. This will create more volume and body without needing to use hair sprays or gels that make thinning hair go limp and flat quickly, while also causing unnecessary damage.  

Using topical hair thickening or regrowth products can help stimulate new hair growth and increase the density and thickness of thinning hair. This is a great enhancer for women who want to keep their natural hair without using weaves or other hair additions. There are numerous products on the market that will strengthen and bolster the fullness of natural hair that’s thinning.  

To learn more about different types of topical hair products available, we recommend consulting a hair specialist, or hair restoration clinic. Some of their salons offer free one-on-one consultations to assess your hair needs, and often have the most up-to-date products available for their clients.  

Extensions and Integration Systems to Enhance Your Natural Hair

Hair extensions can add length as well as body to fill in thinning places, while hair integration systems can offer a more permanent solution that doesn’t require surgery. Whether using a synthetic extension that mimics the look, feel and weight of your real hair, or a real hair extension to add volume and durability, there are multiple options available with hair extension products these days. 

Some hair extension lines can even match the color, texture and length to your current hair, add highlights, or simply more volume or coverage in thinning patches. 

These can be a great bridge between mild thinning and permanent hair loss, so well worth keeping in mind if your hair loss is progressing. 



The Green New Deal first gained notoriety after activists from the Sunrise Movement, along with freshman legislator Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, held an impromptu protest in Nancy Pelosi’s office. Their ‘sit-in’ was to pressure support for a select committee to work on the Green New Deal. While ultimately unsuccessful, their push did draw enough attention to gain support from quite a few congress members. Twelve senators and a whopping ninety-one house members have since signed on as co-sponsors to the resolution.

The bold new initiative to transition the US to a clean energy, emissions-free economy within 10 years has continued to gain interest. Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (NY) and others have used that interest to put a much-needed spotlight back on climate, with an urgent call to meet the grave warnings of Climate scientists in their 2018 updated IPCC report.

While support for the Green New deal continues to grow,  little focus has been on New Consensus.  Many may be unaware of the little-known policy group and think tank behind the current resolution. New Consensus, however, has been steadily working behind the scenes to turn the ambitious goals of the Green New Deal into reality.

In a recent interview with Ocasio-Cortez on MS-NBC’s  All in with Chris Hayes, some attention was gained for the group. The interview about the resolution included Co-Founder and Executive Director, Demond Drummer and Policy Director, Rhiana Gunn -Wright, who both spoke about their role with New Consensus. Ms. Gunn-Wright, the architect behind the current version of the plan, and its initial push promoting the Green New Deal, describes her work further in an interview with Cenk Uygur on the progressive online news site, The Young Turks ( TYT). A synopsis of what she shared on the inner workings of New Consensus and their role going forward, as well as a little about the organization itself, is below.

What is New Consensus?

New Consensus is a policy institute and think tank created by progressive activists and policy experts specifically to develop and promote the Green New Deal. Not only the birthplace of the current resolution, New Consensus has been the catalyst for “a World War Two-Scale mobilization to fix America’s Greatest problems.” according to their website. New Consensus has worked as advisers to the Justice Democrats, Sunrise Movement, AOC and others to build a “sweeping economic mobilization” for a “clean and just economy”.

New Consensus is based on the belief that the obstacles to climate reform are not technical. They are political.  The old Neoliberal, “Washington Consensus” that led to incrementalism has centered around the pro-business, pro-Wall Street mindset of the political elite. That Neoliberal bubble inside the beltway directs the “economics, government, technology, labor and business” priorities that often stand in the way of fixing systemic economic problems exacerbated by climate change.

“Over a period when multiple existential threats to life as we know it have emerged into plain view, the Washington Consensus has deliberately sought to paralyze societies to prevent them from acting collectively.”

New Consensus.

As more people move away from the status quo mentality of Neoliberalism, a new world view has begun to emerged with a different set of priorities. From this, New Consensus formed.  The focus of the group has been on the critical role that government and public institutions must play in transforming our economy and society to a more sustainable, equitable system, just as they have done during times of great change in America’s past.

“New consensus thinkers are exploring how government and other public institutions can lead the transition to a green economy, close wealth and income gaps between groups, spearhead innovation and research, kick-start new high wage industries, and more.”

What’s Next for New Consensus & the Green New Deal?

March has been a busy month for New Consensus. They have been hard at work developing a plan for bringing experts, activists, and people in front-line communities together to create the critical policies and legislation needed to implement the fourteen goals outlined in the Green New Deal. While still in the initial development stage, policy reforms and legislation remain several months away. However, Policy Director Rhiana Gunn-Wright did share a few of the priorities for the Green New Deal in her interview with Cenk Uygur, outlined here.


  • Develop Policies to create a smart grid and/or decarbonize the electricity sector.
  • Investments in distributed renewable and solar energy.
  • A look towards energy governance and how to make energy systems more efficient.


  • Investment in a clean, affordable public transit system using zero-emissions vehicles and high-speed rail.
  • Adoption and employment of Electric Vehicles (E Vs)
  • Find better ways to use bio-fuels, offset emissions, and other ways to decarbonize air travel.


  • Upgrade and develop new sustainable infrastructure.
  • Public investments, beyond just highways and roads. Identifying what sort of investments are needed to reduce energy use.
  • A look towards land use and how to create more energy efficient communities.

This is by no means an exhaustive list of the lofty, yet incredibly urgent goals outlined in the Green New Deal. To learn more about New Consensus and their efforts to mobilize a mass movement around the Green New Deal Resolution, their nifty 2-page guide on their site can help. For a more detailed, in-depth view, here’s a link to the fourteen-page outline of the goals, specific projects, and mobilization efforts that they are working on.

You can also find additional information about the Green New Deal Resolution on the various websites listed in this article, and from the TYT-Army website. Check in for future updates here as well!



After watching a recent clip on YouTube from Bernie Sanders and Chuck Schumer about a proposal they are working on together to end corporate stock buybacks, among other things, a few cringe-worthy alarm bells began worrying loudly in my ears.
Here’s the clip.

~ And, Here’s my take on the latest issue of:

ThWeekly Rant


While I understand the political strategy here, seeing Chuck Schumer, one of the biggest corporatists and anything BUT a defender of working and middle-class taxpayers, pandering to voters, trying to piggyback off of Bernie’s long-held agenda for reigning in corporate greed and closing tax loopholes for corporate billionaires just bothers me.

Chuck Schumer, known defender of tax breaks for hedge fund managers and private equity firm CEOs, whose biggest backers include investment lawyers, real estate, insurance, and corporate lobbyists (in that order), whose top nine campaign contributions between 2013-2018  were all from financial institutions, with over $4.5 million from corporate PAC donations alone (vs. the less than $600K he’s raised in small individual contributions under $200) between 2013-2018.

The New York senate democrat who held seats on both senate banking and finance committees when the New York Times cited in a 2008 article that he’d,

“…embraced the industry’s free-market, deregulatory agenda more than almost any other Democrat in Congress, even backing some measures now blamed for contributing to the financial crisis.” 

And his subsequent support of the big bank bailout at taxpayers’ expense, now trying to position himself as an alleged proponent of stricter regulations for big corporations and/or changing the tax code to limit profits made off corporate dividends, I find just a little hard to swallow.

Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-VT), accompanied by Senate Minoirity Leader Chuck Schumer, speaks with reporters following the party luncheons on Capitol Hill in Washington

The same Chuck Schumer who, as senate minority leader in 2016 said,

“For every blue-collar Democrat we lose in western Pennsylvania, we will pick up two moderate Republicans in the suburbs in Philadelphia, and you can repeat that in Ohio and Illinois and Wisconsin.” 

(and we all know how well THAT strategy turned out)

~ This, After ringing in the era of the “New Democrat” (a.k.a. moderate-republican/economically conservative centrists) in 2004-2006, sixteen of whom recently voted to roll back Dodd-Frank banking regulations put in place following the 2008 financial crisis, three of  them (Donnelly, HietKamp and McCaskill) subsequently losing re-election in 2018, largely due to running “republican-lite” pro-Trump/corporate tax cuts, anti-democrat campaigns.

1000x-1 (1)

~NOW, all of a sudden, we are supposed to believe that same ol’ Chuck is just like Bernie- looking out for low and middle-income workers in America?

Who wants to reign in Wall Street, stop corporate buybacks and tax dividends for corporations?

That he, too, wants to raise wages, invest in pension funds and ensure working families have the opportunity to live the “American Dream”?


Well, I’m sorry, Schumer, if I’m a little bit skeptical of your intent.


I’m even more skeptical of politicians trying to align themselves with Bernie progressives by alleging support for some of Bernie’s progressive policies while remaining less-than-enthusiastic about his key platform positions like medicare-for-All, Free college tuition, the fight for $15, expanding Social security, The green New Deal, lowering prescription drug prices, Campaign Finance Reform, Ending Citizens United, the crisis in Yemen, and closing private prisons and detention centers, among other issues, or for Bernie himself, especially if/when he decides to run for president…

Still, it’s good to see Bernie pushing democrats like Chuck Schumer back to the left and their democratic base, ~ the working and middle-class majorities that make up this country, still struggling so hard to survive, for whom the “American Dream” is simply out of reach.


Have a Thought or Comment or a different take on this issue? Please feel free to add your own opinions below!

(please keep any personal attacks to yourself).

The Kitchen is often the central hub of activity in most homes today. Whether you’re a family on the go or one that frequently entertains, it’s often the most used room of the house. Preparing meals for friends and family, playing host at social gatherings, or simply a space to reconnect with loved ones at the end of the day, the kitchen is often where we come together and spend the most time.

It’s also one of the first places homeowners look to make improvements. If you’ve decided your kitchen needs an update and you’re ready for a remodel, there are a few key factors to consider before choosing a design team. Identifying and understanding your needs will help to make a decision that you will be happy with for years to come. Here is what to consider before choosing a design team for your Kitchen Remodel.


1. Match the Designarchitecture-backsplash-cabinets-279648

Chose a design concept for your kitchen that matches the design and flow of the rest of your home. If changes to the layout or placement need to be made, consider those factors as well. Even if a remodel consists mostly of replacing old appliances or upgrading kitchen cabinets, the type of design should still match the aesthetic and flow of the rest of the house.

Since the design should always be what you and your family need and not just what looks good, it’s important that you and your kitchen contractor be on the same page about your design and build. Pick a designer or design team who will match your design concepts.

2. Consider Function

Since kitchens are often the center of a home, function is vital. It’s important to make note of all the areas where function is a concern and address them with your design team prior to installation. Understanding the type of design and quality needed and answering key questions about function and flow will help to insure your overall satisfaction when the remodel is complete.


Identify problems: 

Decide what isn’t working in your kitchen and needs to be changed. Identify what features would make your life easier. Do you need more useful and functional storage, for example? Or a different placement for major appliances, more space between your cabinetry and countertop, or a different layout that includes an eating area?

Keep what works: 

Make a list of what you like or love as well. These features should stay! Be sure to let builders know what to change and what elements should remain. It will save time and costly mistakes down the road and give you the ease and comfort you need without sacrificing function and flow aspects you like and want to keep.

Examples of questions to ask & answer:


  • How much space is needed for a chef’s grade kitchen stove or similar model? Will it fit the area that holds my current stove?
  • How much room do I need for a double-door stainless steel refrigerator with a bottom freezer?
  • In which direction will the refrigerator need to doors open to access food items from the fridge?
  • How much surrounding area can I sacrifice for new items that will still leave enough space to move around the kitchen freely?
  • Is there enough counter space or storage to prepare and store food items easily?
  • Is there enough space between the cabinets and countertops for additional appliances?
  • Is there existing space for an eating area? If so, will it accommodate family seating or provide extra room for entertaining at holidays and special events?
  • How should the space be configured to maximize use and still easily integrate into the rest of the kitchen design?


3.  Construction & Installation

There are a lot of moving parts in a kitchen and all building materials and appliances are not created equal. Using high quality materials and hiring professional installers are key. Consider hiring a team with construction skills rather than just installers who may not know how to move a wall or reconfigure the plumbing.

Hire a team of experts:

Be sure your design team has experience in all the areas of construction and installation that you need, and includes experts in specific areas. For example, chose a team with professional carpentry skills or cabinetry professional concrete countertop installers, and tile experts who can design and install backsplash and install professional flooring.

Chose a custom design team: 

Custom designs allow the freedom to choose the materials and quality for your kitchen design to match your needs, rather than locking you into a particular design build you might not be happy with. Make sure you chose a custom-design team that allows the freedom to pick and choose the building materials and design elements you want.

4.  Set your budget


There are always surprises and unexpected costs that can arise during a remodel, so it’s important to have a realistic view of the overall budget. You don’t want to get halfway through a build only to learn there’s not enough left to cover the cost of design elements you need to finish the project.

Crunch the numbers: 

Decide what your low and high end numbers are and if you will be happy with the end result. Are lower cost options for materials or builds available that you will be happy with? Is there enough room at the top of your budget to cover unexpected costs, should they arise? Have you allowed yourself any wiggle-room for any unexpected changes?

Include the added value in your budget costs:

A kitchen upgrade will always add value to your home, so include the cost investment in the budget as well. Consider increasing the budget if you’ll recoup the cost in value for your home. Whether you plan on selling or just want to increase the value of your property, kitchens are an important area to invest in.

5. Do the research

It’s important to research design ideas you like and want to include, and gather information about the type of services you will need from your design team.


Get recommendations: 

Do you like the way your friend’s kitchen or bath turned out? Ask them who did it!

Look for reviews: 

Look into sites like Houzz for customer reviews.

Verify the work:

Check out your contractor’s previous work – if they don’t have photos of their own work, that’s probably a warning sign!

In-house contractors: 

Find design companies with in-house contractors, ample pictures and reviews, offer custom designs and set pricing. It will save time and money and leave you with the kitchen you’ve always dreamed of.


ABORTION CLINIC CLOSING PROTESTtumblr_ndna7r5xwv1r62mtoo1_500pro-choice-1.jpgef4996bc907ea12415acfe3e332aec5d--march-signs-protest-signs

OK,  after several weeks with no posts I am finally writing my weekly rant! I’ve been collecting snippets of edited diatribes in responses to Facebook and Twitter posts, intending to formulate them into some sort of cohesive singular “rant” each week, but out of context, they are hard to follow and often change course midstream-such is the way of the Tisha-rant! Still, I think it’s better I post these things here than bombarding unsuspecting FB friends with repetitive, vitriolic ranting.

Oh, and while you are here, please stick around to check out the article my 17-yr-old budding-feminist daughter wrote on activism and reproductive rights, or better still, post a comment yourself or submit a piece of your own if you like. I’ll  happily post it for you, and probably ask you for a few more!!

On to the article:

If every woman who’s had an abortion took tomorrow off in protest, America would grind to a halt. And that would be symbolic: because women grind to a halt if they are not in control of their fertility.
—Caitlin Moran


I started responding to the plethora of posts and comments about Hillary Clinton and sexism recently without realizing the context of the day- the rueful legislation passed by Congress marginalizing women and the LGBT community. Awareness of this was quickly followed by the typical onslaught of attacks on progressives and Bernie Sanders by Hillary supporters and centrist Democrats still upset over mythical sexism and divisiveness caused by Bernie and all us angry “Bernie Bro’s” that no one can ever find. We simply disappear into the ethereal mist of hot air coming from their vehement attacks while ignoring (at least for the moment) the real sexists and gender-oppressors of the day sitting in Congress and our misogynistic, sexist, racist, TRULY divisive president, the orange-man Mr. T who instigated this attack against  our right to govern our own bodies.

I suppose it would be too much to ask that this strong opposition to sexism be aimed at the actual sexists who passed the unconstitutional legislation rather than the people who are fighting the hardest for gender equality protections and reproductive rights with Medicare-for-all coverage that includes ALL women’s health and reproductive needs, not just the ones a bunch of non-medical doctor in Congress decides is important.

Or, maybe at least for the moment, you can lay off the attacks against someone as they stand up for our healthcare rights and strong opposition against this kind of horrible legislation ( not to mention who hold a consistent 100% rating on the support of women’s rights issues as a legislater). It’s rather ironic seeing all these Bernie Sanders posts and tweets today condemning the utterly disappointing legislation congress just passed, championing the importance of protecting women’s rights, and  access to adequate, affordable health care coverage that actually includes abortions, gynecological exams, and contraception alongside these erroneous claims from neo-liberal centrists attacking  Bernie for his sexism and divisiveness. Bernie has never once, to my knowledge, responded to any of these inflammatory remarks, but rather continues to focus his and our attention on vital issues like these instead.


I know many of us, (myself included) from all sides of the issues can get caught up in arguments and reactionary responses to each other over our various forms of social media, but I got to say, Bernie Sanders is the least incendiary politician around when it comes to personal attacks or smearing. But if it makes you feel better to rail against the person leading the fight for Medicare for all, and promoting equal pay and opportunity for  women, affordable access to childcare for working families, and extended paid leave during illness or after giving birth-for both parents, rather than the sexist racist a-holes in congress and the white house who passed legislation that violates our civil liberties and protections and risks both the health and well-being of many  women around the country, especially the already marginalized, low-income women underserved in rural areas, as well as members of the LGBT community, well, then knock yourself out, I guess.

You’ll understand,  of course, if I and thousand of others think your machinations are ridiculous.



Onto Hillary and sexism:

The decision whether or not to bear a child is central to a woman’s life, to her well-being and dignity. When the government controls that decision for her, she is being treated as less than a full adult human responsiblefor her own choices.

~ Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg


I started the day rebuking the idea that sexism was the main reason Hillary lost the election. Why we are still debating this or why I continue to get caught up in the debate are beyond me. Still, in light of recent events I’ve had to rethink my position a little. While I do not think it a prudent idea to marginalize gender-inequality in any way I do think there was more than sexism involved in why she lost the election. I also think fake feminism claims that hold Hillary Clinton up as the poster child for women’s rights and gender-equality issues is a bit of a stretch and maybe even harmful. Any sane person knows Hillary has never been exemplary on ANY issue, nor has she been consistent.


While she’s offered some important gains for women over equal pay and support of Planned Parenthood, when it comes to women’s rights and LGBT issues, the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act notwithstanding,   Hillary has otherwise flipflopped. She’s changed her views more than once over LGBT protections and even waffled on reproductive health and pro-choice, at times. She supported significant policies like DOMA  and Doesn’t Ask, Don’t Tell, and waited until 2014 to come out in support of same-sex marriage and has been open to negotiations with rightwing Republicans when (and if)  they propose “reasonable”  changes to abortion rights.

Still, she isn’t  the reason Republicans are attacking our reproductive rights so that’s enough about Clinton on this issue, and instead, let’s start pushing back on what Congress and Trump are doing to our rights and civil liberties.

You cannot have maternal health without reproductive health. And reproductive health includes contraception and family planning and access to legal, safe abortion.
—Hillary Rodham Clinton


Forgetting, for a moment that this is a women’s health issue and not one that politicians without medical degrees or a vagina are qualified to make decisions on, it’s also, at least for the present, a protected right and not up for negotiation. We have to stop allowing legislators, especially sexist, out-of-touch male Republicans with anti-abortion crusader oppressive agenda’s to continue to think that what, who, how, when, where, if or why I do anything with my own body is any of their damn business.

How about, just for a day, we regulated the choices those 25 republican men decided for us without including a single woman in their negotiations on what THEY can do with their penises, or how about we pass  some legislation of our own  to control their reproductive and sexual health, and let’s face it, our basic human rights to decide if or when we become mothers and what decisions, if any,  we have about preventing pregnancies. What they’ve done hasn’t just taken away our health coverage, it’s taken our choices as well about what we can do with our bodies sexually and given those choices to sexist men intent on oppressing women. So if turn around is fair play, how about we set the limits for them on what they can or can’t decide about their reproductive and sexual organ and if they’re allowed to have sex outside of marriage without risking pregnancy or being fired for trying to prevent one without insurance for birth control. How about we take away their access to the plethora of health issues related to their sexual and reproductive organs and system, starting with viagra which is still covered by their healthcare plans, and condoms, while we’re at it. How about we prevent them from being treated for any of the sexually-transmitted diseases that Planned Parenthood offers that make up more than half their annual budget every year,  and lets throw in some other issues similar to what hospital maternity costs will be without any insurance and the restrictions to our access and ability to treat some of the other reproductive/sexual conditions now limited to us from.  Here are a few suggestions:

  • Inflammation of the penis.  redness, itching, swelling, and pain in the foreskin, usually due to a yeast or bacterial infection.
  • Paraphimosis, The foreskin becomes lodged behind the head and can’t contract, causing a medical emergency that can cause serious complications if not treated.
  • Penile cancer, a rare type of cancer that starts in the skin cells of the penis.
  • Papillomavirus,  An easily transmitted virus that causes genital warts and raises risks for penile cancer.
  • Testicular cancer
  • An inguinal hernia 
  • Hypospadias 
  • Peyronie’s disease
  • Low Testosterone/Sex Drive

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  • Epididymitis: inflammation of the coiled tubes that connect the testes usually caused by an infection, such as the sexually transmitted disease chlamydia, and results in pain and swelling next to one of the testicles.
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis
  • Genital Herpes
  • Hepatitis B

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~ Feel free to add your own additions to the list.



I’m Clairabella, call me Isabella, or Izzy, or Fizzy, or Bubbly, or Bubbles… It’s fine, anyway… I’m going to be in charge of the naturalist page as well as one of the authors contributing to The Write Hat. My mom started this blog and me and some friends are helping out.


KKKIIITTTTTTTYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! I like cats. Oh, shoot! Now I look like the crazy cat lady, guys I promise that my friend Trent is more of a cat lady than me…

But for realzies guys come to me for all things hippie. Need hacks for shopping organic? Need help choosing a natural hair or skin care brand? What about some new veggie/vegan/gluten free recipes? stay caught up with us here on The Wright Hat as well as our socials for all the latest tips and tricks


Just before heading off to bed last night I saw a news flash about an earthquake somewhere in the south Pacific. I decided to wait until morning to read the article. After the bombardment of headlines that greeted my late Sunday morning coffee and news, it seems pretty clear what caused the 6.3 earthquake not far from Guam.

According to Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera, the bomb detonated by North Korea that caused the earthquake could have been up to 70 kilotons in strength, more than twice as powerful as any of North Korea’s previous bomb tests in the 10-30 kiloton range. This latest testing also seems to confirm that North Korea does indeed possess hydrogen nuclear war missiles large enough to take out a few U.S. cities, should they launch them our way. Certainly, a 70-kiloton hydrogen bomb would decimate the B-1B Bomber headquarters located on Guam which launched an F-35 Stealth Fighter fly-over of South Korea last thursday. North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un wasn’t pleased by that, I’d say.

Our response to these tests and threats against the United States and allied territories has been typical of what we’ve seen and heard recently. No talks of diplomacy, or nuclear response as the last resort. Instead, our presidential address tweets inform us it’s likely our one-or-the-other approach of more sanctions or nuclear attack leaves us no option now but the latter. Efforts made by South Korea to calm the waters, we’re told, are a waste of time as well.

” South Korea is finding as I have told them that their talk of appeasement with North Korea will not work. They only understand one thing!”, tweeted the president earlier this morning, referring to North Korea, a sentiment U.S. Secretary Jim Mattis followed up with at his subsequent press conference in front of the white house,.

“Any attack to the United States or its territories, including Guam, or our allies will be met with a massive military response, a response both effective and overwhelming.”         -S.O.D. Jim Mattis

I wonder how many of us have an idea what “massive” could me? I certainly didn’t. The extent of my knowledge about nuclear, or any other blast was limited to images from the made-for-television nuclear war movies that terrified me as a kid in the 1980’s, and the images of the naked Vietnamese children running from the 1972 Napalm blast on the cover of TIME magazine. I’m not sure as a kid I understood the difference between that U.S.-led napalm attack and the nuclear holocaust images I’d seen on television. I just knew it all sounded pretty scary. The account from one of the Enola Gay pilots, Paul Tibbets who’d dropped the bombs on Hiroshima in 1945 also had a profound effect. His reflections about the ominous flight home in the wake of the sheer magnitude of damage caused by the bomb stayed with me. Researching his words now, all these years later brought home another powerful foreshadowing of what was to come.

“”I saw the end of a long war, I saw the thousands of airplane formations, all that implied certain things to me. I said ‘this is the end of it’. We’ll never see it again. One man is going to go out with a crew and a weapon and do what thousands of airplanes used to do.”

~ Paul Tibbets interview, July 3, 1987

Of course, he couldn’t have anticipated that even an airplane may not be necessary today, that some attacks are launched from a computer at a remote location, detonated by pilotless drones that are not much more than a blip on someone’s computer screen. The devastation left behind is about as real as any detonation carried out in a video game, though likely with less exciting visuals or sound effects. The limited exposure to what these devastating bombs do, whether drone attacks, atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs or nuclear warheads, terrifies me almost as much as the bombs themselves do. What does it do to our humanity when the aftermath is diminished? When we don’t see the results left behind, or our part in it?

We need to reflect long and hard, I feel, about what this means. This is a dangerous road we are heading down, one I don’t want to see the conclusion to.

~ Not sure what we can do about it, but the least we can do is face the consequences and take responsibility for our country’s actions.

~A loud resounding push-back on nuclear war engagement couldn’t hurt, either…